ţʵ

atmosphere noun

1 general feeling in a place

ADJ. calm, congenial, convivial, cosy, family, friendly, happy, homely, informal, pleasant, relaxed, warm, welcoming | (highly) charged, emotional, heavy, hostile, oppressive, stifling, strained, tense | carnival, electric, heady, lively Before the parade, the atmosphere was electric. | intimate, romantic | gloomy | rarefied, unique the rarefied atmosphere of academic life

VERB + ATMOSPHERE create She tries to create an atmosphere of calm and security for her children. | poison, ruin, sour, spoil His blunt comments really soured the atmosphere. | clear, improve, lighten His funny remarks lightened the atmosphere. | be aware of, be sensitive to, sense She could sense the hostile atmosphere in the room.

ATMOSPHERE + VERB be charged (with sth) The atmosphere was charged with excitement. | pervade sth, prevail A relaxed atmosphere prevails in the club.

PREP. ~ between Since their argument there had been a strained atmosphere between them.

2 the air

ADJ. heavy, humid, oppressive, polluted, smoky, stale, stifling, stuffy

VERB + ATMOSPHERE poison, pollute Pesticides can kill wildlife and pollute the atmosphere. | clear Last night's storm had cleared the atmosphere.

3 gases around the earth

ADJ. lower, upper

VERB + ATMOSPHERE enter, leave, re-enter The spaceship should re-enter the earth's atmosphere later today. | be emitted/released into, escape into Dangerous gases have escaped into the upper atmosphere.

PREP. in the ~ levels of radiation in the atmosphere