study noun

1 learning

ADJ. full-time, part-time | graduate, postgraduate | independent, private This grammar book is suitable both for classroom use and for independent study. | academic The course integrates academic study and practical training. | language

QUANT. course, programme

VERB + STUDY take up Now that her children are all at school, she's going to take up full-time study again.

STUDY + NOUN group A bible study group meets every Sunday at the church. | leave The company allows its staff to take paid study leave. | skills The first part of the course is designed to develop students' study skills.

PREP. ~ for full-time study for an MA

PHRASES an area/a field of study Students do a foundation year before specializing in their chosen field of study. 2 studies sb's learning activities

ADJ. further Many undertake further studies after passing their A levels.

VERB + STUDY undertake | continue, pursue | complete, finish When he has completed his studies, he'll travel round the world. | resume, return to She returned to her studies when her children reached school age. 3 studies subjects

ADJ. business, management, religious, women's, etc. She's doing women's studies at Liverpool University.

VERB + STUDY do | lecture in, teach He lectures in management studies.

4 piece of research

ADJ. new, present, recent The present study reveals an unacceptable level of air pollution in the city centre. | earlier, previous | careful, close, comprehensive, detailed, intensive, serious a close study of share prices She devoted herself to a serious study of the Koran. | major | definitive | initial, pilot, preliminary A preliminary study suggested that the product would be popular. | research Research studies carried out in Italy confirmed the theory. | empirical, experimental, systematic, theoretical | anthropological, historical, scientific, sociological | field This phenomenon has been observed in both laboratory and field studies. | feasibility The company undertook an extensive feasibility study before adopting the new system. | literary | case a detailed case study of nine companies | comparative a comparative study of the environmental costs of different energy sources

VERB + STUDY commission, fund, support the recommendations of a study commissioned by the World Bank | carry out, conduct, do, make, undertake, work on He has made a special study of the way that birds communicate with one another. | publish

STUDY + VERB take place | aim at/to, be aimed at sth, attempt to, be designed to, set out to The study set out to examine bias in television news coverage. | be based on sth a study based on a sample of male white-collar workers | cover sth The ten-year study covered 13,000 people aged 15-25. | concern sth, deal with sth, examine sth, focus on sth, investigate sth, look at sth | compare sth The study compares the incidence of bone cancer in men and women. | conclude sth, demonstrate sth, find sth, indicate sth, report sth, reveal sth, say sth, show sth, suggest sth, warn sth | provide sth The study provided valuable insight into the development of the disease. | highlight sth, identify sth The study highlighted three problem areas.

STUDY + NOUN group The study group was selected from a broad cross section of the population.

PREP. in a/the ~ In a recent study, 40% of schools were found to be understaffed. | under ~ the biochemical process under study | ~ into a study into the viability of the mine | ~ on a definitive study on medieval weapons

PHRASES an area/a field of study, the results/findings of a study, the subject of a study Shakespeare is the subject of a new study by Anthony Bryan.